To better understand how photovoltaic technology works, here is a breakdown of the process. Using solar panels, the sun’s rays are absorbed and collected into photovoltaic (PV) cells. These PV cells are located within the solar panel. They are made of materials such as silicon, a semiconductor of electricity. Once the sun hits the panels, the temperature rises and electrons in the PV cells break loose and generate electricity. Photovoltaic technology works to make this process as efficient as possible.
Because the PV cells are miniscule, they are usually put together in groups of about forty cells so that the electricity generated is of a substantial amount. The cells in the panels are then put together to form photovoltaic arrays, then placed where they can receive the most direct sunlight. Photovoltaic technology is advancing each and every day. For example, many large-scale solar farms have concentrated photovoltaic systems that aid in the generation of energy.
Photovoltaic technology in solar plants may include rotating panels so that the cells are always in full view of the sun. Photovoltaic technology is ideal in modern day because apart from clean energy, it is creating ways of preserving the environment. In the long run, it will do away with the use of destructive energy generating materials such as fossil fuels. As more awareness is created, the cost of implementing a photovoltaic technology will decrease, and many homes will be afforded greater access to this form of green energy.